Monday, January 30, 2012
Jungfrau Maple Pipe
Wood, a very ubiquitous material available around the world. Before the introduction of briar (ca. 1850), as a pipe, starting at various ateliers in St.-Claude, France, and then to Germany, England and the USA, myriad woods were used in making tobacco pipes, depending on where the pipes were produced. Historical records indicate that as many as 25-30 assorted woods were engaged, many of which did not withstand the flame of fire or the heat of the tobacco within; those woods included everything from acacia to walnut. As to formats, nothing in design and configuration was out of bounds in Europe starting with the very first pipes of early 18th century through to the middle of the 19th century. Wood pipes from Africa and South America are another story altogether. The pipes from these two continents defy easy or general classification.
This complete pipe is also attributed to Jungfrau of Sweden. Dramatically and ornately carved, this 26"-long commemorative pipe in maple supposedly depicts King Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden leading his troops into the Battle of Breitenfelt, north of Leipzig, in 1631. There is at least one strike, "A5," that equates to the year 1855 in Swedish dating code, and the Jungfrau accent of a lion on the wind cover. As well, there is a tobacco jar in the Motala Museum with this same bas-relief-carved motif that is confidently attributed to her.
(Dr. Sarunas Peckus Pipe Collection)