Polychrome painted porcelain bowl, representing French King Louis XIII.
Paris, circa 1840.Height : 11,5 cm. Courtesy Mazaleyrat Collection
Pipe reproduced in « Les pipiers français » by G. Guyot, Histoire et tradition, 1992, page 85.
THE SMALL WORKSHOPS
- The manufacturer on Rue de Crussol was also the beneficiary of some protection, this time from the Prince of Wales (Le Prince de Galles). Opened by the English Christopher POTTER, it changed ownership a few times before it was acquired by Moyse MAYER in 1800, who also bought the inventory a significant component of which were pipe bowls. (Plinval de Guillebon 1985, 91).
- Lastly, the manufacturer NAST, whose inventory in 1811 mentioned 291 pipes (Encyclopédie 1975, 444).
had to sell a large number of pieces not yet decorated (the "blancs") which were acquired by French or foreign decorators.
During the reign of Napoleon, the porcelain manufacturing found a new vitality and France rose to the top rank for its products, rivaling the famed German workshops.
This piece belongs to the category we called décor simple, offering a blue color background (also referred to as" Bleu de Sèvres") decorated with a gold thread.
One book presenting two such pipe bowls is the Encyclopédie du Tabac (1975):
The second bowl, decorated with a military scene, belonged at the time to the collection of the Sèvres Museum (Encyclopédie 1975, 443)
|Musée de Sèvres, Paris, France|
Another pipe bowl is part of the collections of the Pijpenkabinet in Amsterdam,
|Courtesy of the Pijpenkabinet, Amsterdam|
Also bearing the inscription "Sèvres" at the bottom part of the base,and depicting a bivouac scene in the Bois de Boulogne, it was a present to General Friedrich Wilhem von Bülow (February 16, 1755 – February 25, 1816), a Prussian general who raised to fame during the Napoleonic Wars.
|Pencil Portrait of General von Bülow, Meyers Großes Konversationslexikon, 6. Auflage|
While it is still a stretch to talk about a style specific to the Parisian workshops, we can discuss another color, in addition to the blue mentioned earlier. I am referring to the chrome green, also called Empire green,
invented by the chemist Nicolas-Louis VAUQUELIN in 1798,
Unfortunately, neither of these bowls bears the manufacturer's mark.
The same color can be found on a bowl representing Napoléon I sitting on a tree stump,
A second version of the same model can be found in the Rothschild Collection in Grasse, but in white porcelain. Can we attribute it to the same workshop? If so, one would need to consider a few other pieces in the Rothschild that could have been manufactured by one of the workshops mentioned earlier.
|Admiral Nelson (1758-1805), Trafalgar Square, London|
|Frederick The Great (1712-1786)|
|Porcelaine de Paris, XIXth century, Ramazotti Collection|