Saturday, September 22, 2018

1896 Hungarian Millenial Celebration Pipe by Adler & Son


This exceptionally large, pristine pipe bowl with bas- and high-relief-carved, in-the-round, figures was executed in 1896 by one of Budapest’s most esteemed pipe carving families, 


Adler's workshop was located on Deak Ferenc, Budapest, Hungary, 1896

Fülöp Adler and Son.


Pipes and Trademarks from the Adler Workshop. (from Our Pipe-Smoking Forebears)

Thematically, this pipe depicts Hungary’s history, a celebration of its millennial anniversary that began on May 2 of that year, 

 
                  The Hungarian Millenial Exhibition at Budapest, 1896. Illustrated London News.                     Adler's workshop received First Prize in the goldsmith category at the Exhibition. 

1000 years after the Magyar settlement in the Carpathian Basin.


Property of the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest (Coll #: MNM.D.1974.222.sz)

The chased, gilt wind cover’s finial is that of the allegorical female figure, the helmeted lady of Hungaria, the national symbol of Hungarian liberty, holding the coat of arms of Hungary with its double cross and Árpád stripes. 




On the shank are several high-relief-carved men on horseback, perhaps meant to portray Grand Prince Árpád Feszty, the leader of the Magyar tribes, and a few of his soldiers supposedly crossing the Carpathian Basin sometime in the 9th century. 




On the front are the busts 




of Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, 





and his wife, Elisabeth (portrayed at a much younger age).






Reference: Ferenc Levardy, Our Pipe-Smoking Forebears, 1994, Druckhaus Oberpfalz, Germany



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